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Wednesday, February 22, 2023

Transgender Experiences in Weimar and Nazi Germany

 Before 1933, Germany was a center of LGBT+ community and culture, with several renowned organizations serving and supporting trans and gender non-conforming people. 


My Question: Are we seeing history being repeated?  You judge?


By: Museum of Jewish Heritage — A Living Memorial to the Holocaust  Friday, June 3, 2022 


Quotes from the video:

Liddy Barcroft

Hitler’s Nazi government, however, brutally targeted the trans community, deporting many trans people to concentration camps and wiping out vibrant community structures. As transgender people are now increasingly targets of discriminatory legislation and hate, join the Museum for a program exploring these stories and experiences prior to and during the Holocaust.


... trans history if we continue applying it, I think, can help us a lot about the mechanics and the mentality and the judgment and the rules of the end for society of Holocaust victims. 


A Police issued identity documentation which
 declares one as known to be wearing
cross gender clothing.


 I feel like that's something that you know that that history does pop up every year that that it was the Institute for sexual listen shaft the Magnus hirschfeld Institute for sexual knowledge that. Rabbi Marisa Elana James: That library was one of the first to be destroyed [during] the book burnings.






Historical Facts:

Lesbian and gay life in Germany began to thrive at the beginning of the 20th century during the Weimar period (1918 - 1933).  Berlin in particular was one of the most liberal cities in Europe with a number of lesbian and gay organisations, caf├ęs, bars, publications and cultural events taking place.

This all changed under the Nazi regime

Transvestite and transgender patrons at the popular
Berlin gay bar Marienkasino in the 1920s.



By the end of the year 1933,  gay bars and clubs were closed, queer magazines and newspapers were forced to fold, and police were ordered to supply the Gestapo with lists of all men engaged in homosexual activities. Between 1933 and 1945, some 100,000 German people from these lists were arrested.

The police established lists of homosexually active persons. Significant numbers of gay men were arrested, of whom an estimated 50,000 received severe jail sentences in brutal conditions. Most homosexuals were sent to police prisons, rather than concentration camps, where they were exposed to inhumane treatment. There they could be subjected to hard labour and torture, or they were experimented upon or executed.

An estimated 10-15,000 men who were accused of homosexuality were deported to concentration camps. Most died in the camps, often from exhaustion. Many were castrated and some subjected to gruesome medical experiments. Collective murder actions were undertaken against gay detainees, exterminating hundreds at a time.







1 comment:

  1. I know the nazi-time was a terrible. And I know that the years before, espacially in Berlin there was a very free-minded scene with lots of different characters . We should be careful that such times should not come back. May there be rainbow-colours all over the world - but this is wishful thinking.
    All the best
    Violetta

    ReplyDelete