It Is Not A Noun or A Verb!
Describing trans people as "things" is de-gendering and no better than describing them as "transgenders".
What does the word transgender lack?
It is not a noun. Or verb. It describes an aspect of a noun. But like other adjectives in formal language– green, strong, female, etc. – it describes the type of noun in question, and explains something about a noun that’s relevant to the context.
Transgender, as a word, describes folks who were assigned a sex or gender at birth in-congruent with their actual sex or gender. Transgender is an adjective – it cannot stand on its own, but must be attached to a noun. Like other adjectives, transgender exists to modify and clarify some aspect of the noun at hand.
Transgender is a word that modifies, but when I open up my Google alert for “transgender”, it’s rarely attached to a noun; instead, cis journalists (out of ignorance and fear bred of cissexist society) often use it to dehumanize their subjects when reporting their lives and all too often, their deaths. I notice the misuse of these words most glaringly in titles. Here’s a sample from May:
- Butt-Injecting Transgender Found Not Guilty
- Fil-Am transgender sues Macy’s for discrimination
- Transgenders seek state help with employment
- Transgenders win discrimination tiff with American Eagle Outfitters, AG Andrew Cuomo forces changes
- American Eagle Outfitters Agrees To Include Transgenders
- Right to ban transgenders from clubs?
- Transgenders call on Congress for jobs
- Kolkata transgenders stage a protest against discrimination
Transgender is not a noun. It is an adjective, and reducing people to just one of their qualities is necessarily reductive and denies their gender and their humanity.
"Transgender" is also, as you’ll notice above, the catch-all for many different kinds of people. Dyssonynce wrote on this earlier this year :
Especially since while I am one of those trans people, I am not a transgender person. I am a transsexual person. This is why I don’t use transgender. This is why I do use Trans. If you can’t see that there are serious differences in just the letters used there, please, learn something about us.
Using transgender as a noun is occasionally an ignorant, symptomatic mistake made by a careless writer. But more often, it’s an indicator of more issues: transgender or cross-dressing male to describe trans women, a she where a he is needed. It is indicative of a pattern of dehumanization, of degendering. How can a writer too lazy to check the AP style manual or question their own use of nouns and pronouns be trusted to write about trans issues? (The answer is systematic cissupremacy.)
Transgender is also not a verb because gender is not a verb. I do not cisgender every day when I put on a skirt or wash my genitals. I do not gender when I do anything, because gender is not a verb. Using transgender as such reflects a lack of understanding and avoidance of research on the part of the writer.
Transgender can modify “woman” in the case that the woman in question was assigned male at birth. Transgender can modify “man” in the case that the man in question was assigned female at birth. Transgender can modify “person” when talking about (particularly though not exclusively) nonbinary folks on the trans spectrum. Transgender can modify “people” when talking about a community, and “issues” when talking about issues of concern to the trans community. Transgender can modify whatever nouns can be used to describe a trans person. Trans mother, trans father, trans political candidate, trans writer, trans blogger, trans journalist, trans veteran, trans student.
Transgender even as an adjective is not always necessary. Woman and man describe trans woman and trans man just fine, and in fact, that’s probably better unless the story is somehow about them being trans. And it almost always is about the person in question’s trans status, because that is what folks without cis privilege are reduced to.
Describing a person as "a transgender", article and all, is dehumanizing because it makes the person in question less than a noun: it defines them as not a person; they are not even a thing**, a place, or an idea. They are an adjective: one aspect of their life that has been pulled out of context of their humanity to mock and to shock.
Devon puts it this way :
Nouns are the primary components of speech, and they possess greater power and more potential for abuse than any other element. Consider this example: "a black man" versus "a black." The second construction strips the individual of his status as a man, an insidious thing. However, when the same word is used as an adjective modifier the problem disappears; "black" then simply describes the noun "man," the most important component of the sentence. Similarly, when "transsexual" is used as an adjective the implicit meaning changes — the emphasis is placed on person, man, or woman first, transsexual second.
These words as a word doesn’t exist on its own. It is an adjective, a word used to further describe a person, a noun. Transgender is a quality, not an entity.
Well, this has been a pet peeve of mine since the time I learned I was a transgender woman - instead of a transvestite, which was the only word I had known before (transvestite can be either a noun or an adjective, by the way). As a self-appointed Captain in the Grammar Police, there are so many common grammar mistakes made that bug me. As a transgender woman, though, the use of the word, transgender, as anything but an adjective, is totally personal.ReplyDelete
I remember when Oprah was interviewing a transgender woman on her show, many years ago. She asked, "When did you decide to transgender?" I knew that she meant "transition," but how many viewers might she have further confused in the process? Four decades ago, when I was re-exploring - or rediscovering - my female-self, talk shows were my primary sources of information. The internet is not necessarily more reliable, these days, as there is so much misinformation among the really useful stuff.
I've had fun making verb forms of transgender. My favorite is "transgenderize." Another trans woman told me that it sounded awful - like something one would do to a steak. Of course, that's the point, as transgender is not something anyone does; transgender is a description of who one is. Still, the description is of the person, so, transgender woman, transgender man, or transgender person are really the only proper ways to use the word.
As an adjective, transgender is only a part of who I am. I would prefer that it not be applied to me at all, but I guess I'm stuck with it. I try to live my life so that the "transgender" adjective is minimized, and would follow other adjectives - such as kind, loving, funny, witty, smart, talented, or even pretty. Any of those would be great, just so they're followed by "woman."
Thank you Connie - So well stated.ReplyDelete
Thanks, Rhonda. It took years of self-exploration to be able to express my womanhood with more than clothes and makeup. The funny thing, though, is that I very rarely am asked to explain my trans status these days; it must just be apparent to others who I am. I know you understand what I'm saying. ;-)Delete
I understand exactly - A peace come over you with nothing to prove; nothing to explain. You are so right, it is not the clothes, or makeup. With just a plain white t-shirt and jeans I am a transgender woman. It is internal!Delete